Theme: Innovative weight loss approaches to overcome health risks associated with obesity
Euro Weight Loss-2015
OMICS Group International, a leading Science event organizer has been in business (open access journal and international conference organizer) for the past 7 years. We have been an established and popular company with an excellent track record for the best of the events organized in previous years. Group International contributes its prominent scientific services by organizing around 300 International science conferences all over the globe annually and managing 400 peer- reviewed open access journals with the support of more than 1000 international scientific associations and 30,000 editorial board members and 3.5 million followers to its credit. The name and business strength that has been earned by our organization today, is due to the strong tie-up with business and eminent organizations while simultaneously accomplishing international benchmarks accreditation standards by its international conferences.
Being a part of the world recognized organization we take pride in introducing our Euro Global Summit & Medicare Expo on Weight loss from August 18-20, 2015 at Frankfurt, Germany but with the special focus on "Innovative weight loss approaches to overcome health risks associated with obesity". We believe we have chosen a venue that guarantees a successful scientific Conference.
We have put together an exciting conference with a wide representation of fields, specializations and current global health issue seeking to bring together primary care and diabetes specialty physicians, doctor of osteopathy, podiatrists, pharmacists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, psychologists and dietitians, certified diabetes educators and other health care professionals who care for patients with obesity, at risk for diabetes, and who manage obesity related complications. The 3-day program includes a variety of panels like symposia, oral abstract sessions, meet the expert sessions, interest group discussions, guided audio poster tours, and poster presentations, designed to feature timely and significant recent advances and practical aspect in basic science and the prevention, diagnosis and weight loss treatment.
Though many treatment strategies exist for obesity, still there is a need for an additional research and investigation for a safe and long term weight management in obese patients. The current clinical research focuses on innovative strategies like Adipocyte autophagy, Regulatory role of microRNAs in Adipogenesis, Obesity and Diabetes which are thought to be beneficial in assisting with weight maintenance. Future research should determine the most appropriate, cost-effective ways to maintain contact with and provide support to individuals in their weight maintenance efforts.
The current trends in weight loss therapy include Nutrition and Diet therapy, Physical therapy & aerobics, Behavioral therapy & counseling, Pharmacotherapy (Anti-obesity drugs in treatment), Ayurveda and Acupuncture and Sports medicine for fitness. Although successful approaches to weight loss typically involve some form of reduced energy intake and exercise, neither will work if an individual fails to engage in them consistently.
Dietary approach is the emerging technique for weight management. A variety of diets have been proposed to treat obesity. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated diet therapy for obesity indicate that decreasing dietary fat intake (to 25–30% of total calories) results in decreased total energy intake and weight loss. The diets recommended for the weight management include Mono & Poly unsaturated fats, Protein rich diets, Low carbohydrate and low calorie diets, Low glycemic index diets. Well-established dietary modifications results in significant weight loss.
Being overweight or obese can greatly raise your risk for other health problems, including Metabolic syndrome, Insulin Resistance & Type-2 diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases, Dyslipidaemia, Hypertension (high blood pressure) and stroke, Neuroinflammation, Neurodegeneration, Cancer, Gallbladder disease, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), infertility (pregnancy problems), Musculoskeletal Disorders(Osteoarthritis and lower back pain), Respiratory disorders: obstructive sleep apnea and obesity hypoventilation syndrome. Hence Excess weight plays a major role in causing many common and deadly diseases which can cut years off your life. A study that followed more than half a million 50 to 71year-olds for a decade found an increase of 20% to 40% in death rates among people who were overweight at midlife. Among obese people, the death rate was two to three times as high.
Obesity and overweight are chronic conditions. Overall there are a variety of factors that play a vital role in causing obesity which includes Energy imbalance, Lack of physical activity, Unhealthy dietary habits, Genetic syndrome, Hormonal imbalance, Psychological and behavioral factors, Environmental and social factors etc. Overweight and obesity are a result of an energy imbalance over a long period of time. This involves eating too many calories and not getting enough physical activity. Genetics and the environment may also increase the risk of personal weight gain. However, the choices a person makes in eating and physical activity also contributes to overweight and obesity. Behavior can increase a person’s risk for gaining weight. Apart from the above factors few drugs such as steroids and some antidepressants may also cause weight gain in individuals.
Bariatric surgery is an option for people who cannot lose weight by other means (Diet, Exercise and Medication) or who suffer from serious health problems related to obesity. Bariatric surgery is indicated for the patients with extreme/severe obesity (BMI > 40). Bariatric surgery helps in the prevention of comorbidities associated with obesity such as diabetes. Post bariatric surgery nutrition and nursing care by a registered dietitian is recommended for all bariatric surgery patients. Regular monitoring of weight status and early intervention may help prevent significant weight regain. Laparoscopic gastric banding is another surgical approach for weight loss, where the surgeon places a band around the upper part of your stomach to create a small pouch to hold food. The band limits the amount of food you can eat by making you feel full after eating small amounts of food. Apart from the above liposuction is usually very effective at removing fat deposits in small areas. Liposuction is a technique which intended to remove fat from your body using suction. The main purpose of liposuction is to reshape one or more areas of your body, not to reduce body weight. However liposuction is the least recommended surgical approach because of its well-known drawbacks during and after the operation.
Weight control is a widespread concern for many women after pregnancy. Obesity before or after pregnancy, especially abdominal obesity, is central to the metabolic syndrome and is strongly related to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women. Obese women are particularly susceptible to diabetes, and diabetes, in turn, puts women at dramatically increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Obesity substantially increases the risk of several major cancers in women, especially postmenopausal breast cancer and endometrial cancer. Hence a healthy diet, an active lifestyle and regular specific exercise are very important for women for healthy pre & post-baby weight loss. However, highly restrictive dieting is not advisable, particularly while breastfeeding. Getting to a healthy weight range and fitness after pregnancy reduces your risks for further pregnancies as well as improves your long term health.
A variety of individual and group psychological therapies have been used in weight loss treatments. Behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapies are the most commonly used psychological therapies for weight loss. Behavioral treatments appear to work primarily by enhancing dietary restraint by providing adaptive dietary strategies and by discouraging maladaptive dietary practices, and by increasing motivation to be more physically active. Treatment also provides motivation essential to maintain adherence to a healthier lifestyle Therapeutic techniques derived from behavioral psychology include stimulus control, goal setting, and self-monitoring. They have been used for some time as adjuncts to the treatment of weight problems.
Eating disorders are psychological illnesses characterized by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individual's physical and mental health. Binge eating disorder is one of the major eating disorders which are characterized by compulsive overeating in which people consume huge amounts of food while feeling out of control and powerless to stop. Although BED is not limited to obese individuals, it is most common in this group. In community samples, the prevalence of BED has been found to be 2-5%, in individuals who seek weight control treatment the prevalence is 30%. Eating disorder assessment is the foundation of ongoing treatment because it diagnosis, guides treatment planning and can be used to measure the progress and outcome. Eating disorder treatments such as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) improve binge eating with abstinence rates of about 50%.
The terms "overweight" and "obesity" refer to body weight that is greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height. Body weight can be classified in to the categories based on the ranges of BMI (Body Mass index). BMI between 25.0 and 29.9 kg/m2is defined as overweight, (BMI, 30.0 to 34.9 kg/m2) as class I obesity, (BMI, 35.0 to 39.9 kg/m2) class II obesity and (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2) as class III or extreme obesity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were highest in the WHO Regions of the Americas (62% for overweight in both sexes, and 26% for obesity) and lowest in the WHO Region for South East Asia (14% overweight in both sexes and 3% for obesity). In the WHO Region for Europe and the WHO Region for the Eastern Mediterranean and the WHO Region for the Americas over 50% of women were overweight. For all three of these regions, roughly half of overweight women are obese (23% in Europe, 24% in the Eastern Mediterranean, 29% in the Americas). In all WHO regions women were more likely to be obese than men. One of the goals of assessment in an obese patient is to decide whom to treat. Three main issues must be considered while treating a patientare 1) whether treatment is indicated, 2) whether treatment is safe for the patient, and 3) whether the patient is ready and motivated to lose weight.
Life style intervention plays a crucial role in achieving healthy weight loss. Which involves a prolonged three way approach: making dietary changes, exercising more, and incorporating behavior modification techniques. Many lifestyle habits begin during childhood. Thus, parents and families should encourage their children to make healthy choices, such as following a healthy diet and being physically active for a healthy future.
Preventive measures for obesity are so vital in individuals because the likelihood of becoming obese is thought to increase from about 20 percent at four years of age to 80 percent by adolescence. Weight gain can be prevented by choosing a lifestyle that includes good eating habits and daily physical activity. By avoiding weight gain, you avoid higher risks of many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, and some forms of cancer.
Power yoga has an important role to play in the weight loss therapy. Yoga techniques affect body, internal organs, endocrine glands, brain, mind and other factors concerning Body - Mind complex. Various Yoga techniques can be practiced effectively to reduce the weight and achieve normal healthy condition of Body and Mind. A new research published in the journal Health Psychology has found that meditation, and particularly mindfulness thinking, can help lower stress and cortisol levels, which in turn can help you lose excess weight and avoid developing "cortisol belly."
- Current Clinical Research and Interventions for weight loss
- Weight loss trends in modern era
- Dietary approaches for weight management
- Obesity and Health risks
- Weight gain and Contributing factors
- Surgical weight loss: Bariatric surgery and liposuction
- Weight-loss and fitness in women
- Psychological Interventions in weight loss therapy
- Eating disorders and obesity
- Overweight & Obesity
- Tailoring lifestyle approaches for healthy future
- Weight loss and preventive measures
- Role of Yoga and Meditation in weight management
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